Education in Guinea

The Republic of Guinea is a country in Africa. The education system in ancient Guinea was based on French system of education. French was the language of instruction in classrooms. The education is available at all levels starting from elementary schools to higher university level education.

All schools in Guinea was nationalized in 1961. In 1968, a cultural revolution in school settings were started, the main purpose of which was to de westernize life of Guinean public. Since then eight vernaculars have been added to the school curriculum, and village-level programs have been set up to assist in the implementation of the plan.

Guinea still retains the French model of education and degrees. The African History and Geography are now taught in the classrooms. As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 1.8% of GDP. The education sector plan covering the 2020-2029 period defines six priority programs:
  • Equitable access to general education.
  • Quality and relevance of teaching.
  • Adult literacy and education.
  • Extension and reform of technical education and vocational training.
  • Reform of higher education and scientific research.
  • Governance and management of the education system.
Education is free and officially compulsory for all children between the ages of 7 and 12. Despite this Guinea has not achieved total literacy yet. Also the percentage of dropout children after certain level of schooling is quite high. Public education in Guinea is governed by three ministries: The Ministry for Pre-University Education and Literacy; The Ministry for Technical Education and Occupational Training; and the Ministry for Higher Education, Scientific Research and Innovation.
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